During your first visit with Dr. Maz Moshiri, it may be determined that braces are the correct treatment option to correct a certain orthodontic problem. Once we place the braces on your teeth, you might wonder how those braces are actually going to move your teeth and what all of the different parts do. Dr. Moshiri, along with his friendly team, is here to answer any questions that you might have, and wants to make sure that you are comfortable and confident throughout treatment. We understand that patient education is a big part of patient success, and if you are a patient with metal or clear braces in Saint Louis, MO you might be interested in what each part of your braces does!




Bands are a ring of metal, which fit around the molars and sometimes premolars. The bands are selected from a range of sizes in order to find the tightest fitting band. The bands are sealed in position using dental cement that contains fluoride to prevent any decalcification during treatment.


The brackets hold the archwire against each tooth. The archwire fits into a slot in the bracket. Brackets may be attached directly to each tooth or to a band.


The main wired, or archwires, are shaped specifically to fit around the arch into the bracket slots. Teeth move from the pressure that is applied by the braces. That pressure comes from the archwire, which guides the direction of the movement.


An elastic is the tiny rubber ring that ties the archwire into the bracket.


Hooks are small attachments on the brackets used to attach elastics (rubber bands).

Coil Spring

The coil spring fits between brackets and over the archwire.